For the town in Germany, see Elend, Saxony-Anhalt.
Elend is a dark ambient band formed in France in 1993 by composers and multi-instrumentalists Iskandar Hasnawi of France and Renaud Tschirner of Austria. The band's name is German for "misery." Their music can be described as a combination of contemporary classical music and gothic.
Early Elend albums utilized samplers and synths to create a dense and horrifying orchestral sound. In recent albums for the Winds Cycle, Elend's sound has broadened; they now rely almost entirely on acoustic instruments and chamber orchestras instead of synths, giving them a more full and natural sound. They have also included electronic and industrial elements in some of their pieces.
Elend's sound tends toward the aggressive, containing harsh atonal dissonance, screaming and growled vocals in a manner associated with certain types of contemporary classical music. Vocalists, spoken-word passages and occasional rock-like song structures lend the music ...